Retail Inflation Drops to 12-Month Low at 4.75% in May

Team Finance Saathi


Key Points:

  1. Retail inflation in May 2024 fell to a 12-month low of 4.75%, down from 4.83% in April.
  2. Inflation in the food basket slightly decreased to 8.69% in May from 8.70% in April.
  3. The Reserve Bank of India has projected CPI inflation for 2024-25 at 4.5%, with Q1 expected at 4.9%.

Retail inflation in India has shown a significant easing trend, reaching a 12-month low of 4.75% in May 2024, according to data released by the National Statistical Office (NSO). This marks a slight decline from April's 4.83% and is just above the previous low of 4.31% recorded in May 2023. The continuous decline in inflation figures since February 2024 indicates a positive trend in managing price stability in the country.

Key Factors Contributing to Lower Inflation

The primary factor contributing to the lower retail inflation is the marginal decline in prices of some essential kitchen items. The food basket, which plays a crucial role in the overall inflation calculation, saw a slight decrease in inflation to 8.69% in May from 8.70% in April. While the reduction might seem minimal, it indicates a stabilizing trend in food prices which had been a significant contributor to higher inflation rates previously.

Government and RBI's Role

The Indian government has mandated the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to maintain the Consumer Price Index (CPI) inflation at 4%, with a permissible margin of 2% on either side. This target is crucial for framing monetary policies that ensure economic stability. The RBI, which considers retail inflation as a key factor in its bi-monthly monetary policy decisions, had earlier projected CPI inflation for the fiscal year 2024-25 at 4.5%. The quarterly breakdown of this projection includes:

  • Q1: 4.9%
  • Q2: 3.8%
  • Q3: 4.6%
  • Q4: 4.5%

Recent Trends in Inflation

Inflation has shown a sequential decrease from 5.1% in February 2024 to 4.8% in April, reaching 4.75% in May. This downward trend reflects the effectiveness of the policies implemented to control inflation, particularly in the volatile food sector. The government's initiatives to manage supply chains and curb price rises in essential commodities have started to bear fruit, contributing to the overall decline in inflation rates.

Economic Implications

The easing of inflation has significant implications for the Indian economy. Lower inflation generally translates to higher purchasing power for consumers, as their money can buy more goods and services. This can lead to increased consumer spending, which is a critical driver of economic growth. For businesses, lower inflation means more predictable costs and the ability to plan and invest with greater confidence.

Challenges and Future Outlook

Despite the positive trend, challenges remain. The food basket, though slightly improved, continues to exert pressure on the overall inflation rate. Unpredictable weather patterns, supply chain disruptions, and geopolitical factors can still pose risks to inflation stability. The government and RBI need to remain vigilant and proactive in their approach to managing these risks.

Moreover, while the projected inflation rates by the RBI suggest a stable outlook, actual figures will depend on multiple factors, including global economic conditions, domestic policy decisions, and unforeseen events that could impact the economy.


The decline in retail inflation to a 12-month low of 4.75% in May 2024 is a positive sign for the Indian economy. It reflects effective policy measures and provides a conducive environment for economic activities. However, maintaining this trend requires continuous efforts and adaptive strategies to manage potential risks. The government and RBI's roles are crucial in ensuring that inflation remains within the targeted range, thereby supporting sustainable economic growth and stability.

By staying informed about these trends and understanding the factors influencing inflation, consumers and businesses can better navigate the economic landscape and make informed decisions. The continuous monitoring and adaptive policymaking will be essential in maintaining the delicate balance of controlling inflation while fostering economic growth.

Also Read : Kuwait Assures Full Support to Indian Workers After Tragic Fire Claims 49 Lives

Join our Telegram Channel and WhatsApp Channel for regular Updates.

Related News
onlyfans leakedonlyfan leaksonlyfans leaked videos